About Bhutan – Bhutan at a glance

About Bhutan

Bhutan is the first country in the world to measure its development by gauging the happiness of the people and not through the conventional measure of GDP. It pioneered its development philosophy of Gross National Happiness (GNH).

It is a small country about the size of Switzerland located in the eastern Himalayas. It borders Tibet to the north and India to the south. It is the only Mahayana Buddhist country in the world. It has often been referred to as the Last Shangri-La.

  1. Area (sq. km) = 38,394 sq. km
  2. Capital = Thimphu
  3. National Language = Dzongkha
  4. Demonym = Bhutanese
  5. Government = Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy
  6. Head of state = His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
  7. Head of government = Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay
  8. Religions = Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity
  9. Currency = Ngultrum (US$ 1 = about Nu 65), Indian rupee
  10. Population = 768,502 (projected as of 2015)
  11. National Sport = Archery
  12. National Animal = Takin
  13. National Bird = Raven
  14. National flower = Blue poppy
  15. National butterfly = Ludlow’s Bhutan Swallowtail
  16. Unemployment rate = 2.6% (as of 2014)
  17. GDP per capita = US$ 2,611.74 (2014) 2.
  18. GDP real growth rate = 5.46% (2014)
  19. Main revenue source = Hydropower and tourism
  20. Population poverty rate = 12% (2012)
  21. Literacy rate = 63% (2012)
  22. Youth Literacy rate = 86.1%(2012)
  23. Household with TV connection = 55.3% (2012)
  24. Secondary School completion rate = 74.2% (2012)
  25. Population Access to Improved sanitation = 81% (2012)
  26. No of districts = 20
  27. Calling code = +975-
  28. Location = Bhutan lies between latitudes 26°Nand 29°N, and longitudes 88°E and 93°E